Size

1.700.139 km²

Inhabitants

0,6 Mil.

Time difference to CET

-10 h

Middle temperatures in summer

21 c

Middle temperatures in winter

-30 c

Capital

Juneau

 

Alaska is a peninsula in the north-west of America and with about 1,7 million square kilometres the largest state of the USA, but with its 600.000 inhabitants it is not very populated.   Until 1867 Russia was the owner of Alaska, but then the USA bought it for 7,2 million dollars or $5 per square kilometre. In the year 1959 Alaska became the 49th state of the USA. 15-20 per cent of Alaska`s inhabitants are Indians and Eskimos.

From 1942 to 1945 the army built the 4.600 kilometre long Alaska Highway  along the west coast of Canada, which today connects Alaska with the USA. Alaska has got lots resources: oil, gold, iron, copper, uranium and thungstan, too. Also important is the salmon- and the deep-sea fishery. Mount McKinley, North America's highest mountain, is in Alaska. There are many active volcanoes and the state has had several bad earthquakes. To the west across the Bering Strait is Russia, at the narrowest point only 82 kilometres distant. In Mount Kinley National Park you can find elks, bears and thirty-four other animals.

 

Denali Nationalpark, Alaska

In Alaska`s Denali National Park you can see elks crossing the Wonder Lake.

 

Hunting bears

Some brown bears are fishing salmons.

 

Totem pole of the Inuit

The totem pole is used as an individual chronicle of an Indian family in the north-west of America.

 

Trans-Alaska-Pipeline

The Trans-Alaska-Pipeline transports raw oil from Prudhoe Bay in North Alaska to Valdez at the Prince William Sound. It is 1280 kilometres long.

 

Let`s do a quiz about Alaska!

 

Exercise 1

 

Exercise 2

by Nicole

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